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Agriculture

Imaging diagnosis—duodenobiliary reflux of barium sulfate during esophagogastrography in a dog
submitted by goremo 45 minutes ago - Topic: Agriculture
A 4-year-old Australian cattle dog presented for regurgitation, 2 months after duodenal resection and anastomosis for a perforated duodenal ulcer. Duodenobiliary reflux of barium sulfate suspension was detected during fluoroscopic esophagogastrography. Follow-up radiography 2 hours later demonstrated persistence of the barium in the gallbladder and biliary tree. Ultrasonography showed an open s...



Effects of two different anesthetic protocols on 64-MDCT coronary angiography in dogs
submitted by goremo 46 minutes ago - Topic: Agriculture
Heart rate is a major factor influencing diagnostic image quality in computed tomographic coronary artery angiography (MDCT-CA), with an ideal heart rate of 60–65 beats/min in humans. The purpose of this prospective study was to compare effects of two different clinically applicable anesthetic protocols on cardiovascular parameters and 64-MDCT-CA quality in 10 healthy dogs. Scan protocols and...

Diagnostic sensitivity of bone scintigraphy for equine stifle disorders
submitted by goremo 46 minutes ago - Topic: Agriculture
Disorders of the stifle are a common cause of lameness in horses yet the accuracy of scintigraphy for diagnosis of stifle conditions is controversial. The aim of retrospective cross-sectional study was to determine the diagnostic sensitivity (Se) of bone scintigraphy in detecting stifle disease and to determine if two orthogonal scintigraphic images improve diagnostic Se. Horses that underwent ...

Diagnostic sensitivity of ultrasound, radiography and computed tomography for gender determination in four species of lizards
submitted by goremo 46 minutes ago - Topic: Agriculture
Gender determination is frequently requested by reptile breeders, especially for species with poor or absent sexual dimorphism. The aims of the current study were to describe techniques and diagnostic sensitivities of ultrasound, radiography, and computed tomography for gender determination (identification of hemipenes) in four species of lizards. Nineteen lizards of known sex, belonging to fou...

Ultrasonographic features of uterus masculinus in six dogs
submitted by goremo 46 minutes ago - Topic: Agriculture
Uterus masculinus (persistent Mullerian duct) is a vestigial embryological remnant of the paramesonephric duct system in males and has been associated with clinical signs such as dysuria, incontinence, tenesmus and urethral obstruction in dogs. The radiological appearance of cystic uterus masculinus in dogs has been described previously with the aid of retrograde positive or negative contrast c...



Role of plant hormones and their interplay in development and ripening of fleshy fruits
submitted by takedake92 1 hour ago - Topic: Agriculture
Plant hormones have been extensively studied for their roles in the regulation of various aspects of plant development. However, in the last decade important new insights have been made into their action during development and ripening, in both dry and fleshy fruits. Emerging evidence suggests that relative functions of plant hormones are not restricted to a particular stage, and a complex netw...

Transcriptional control of fleshy fruit development and ripening
submitted by takedake92 1 hour ago - Topic: Agriculture
Fleshy fruits have evolved to be attractive to frugivores in order to enhance seed dispersal, and have become an indispensable part of the human diet. Here we review the recent advances in the understanding of transcriptional regulation of fleshy fruit development and ripening with a focus on tomato. While aspects of fruit development are probably conserved throughout the angiosperms, including...


Comparative study of thermal reaction norms for development in ants
submitted by toareno 2 hours ago - Topic: Agriculture
This is the first compilation of our research and data from the literature on the duration and thermal reaction norms for development in ants. Altogether, 97 regression lines characterizing the linear dependence of ant brood (egg, larval, prepupal and pupal) development on temperature were obtained for 33 species from 15 genera and three subfamilies. Significant positive correlations between th...

Characterization of heteroplasmic status at codon 143 of Botrytis cinerea cytochrome b gene using semi-quantitative AS-PCR assay
submitted by bole 3 hours ago - Topic: Agriculture
An in-depth understanding of QoI-fungicide-resistant B. cinerea isolates in a vineyard is expected to contribute to the development of an optimum disease management program for the control of grape grey mould. We characterized the resistance and structure of cytochrome b gene in B. cinerea collected from a Japanese vineyard. The semi-quantitative AS-PCR assay developed in the present study was ...


Transgenic cry1C or cry2A Rice had no Adverse Impacts on Life-table Parameters and Population Dynamics of the Brown Planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens (Hemiptera: Delphacidae)
submitted by bole 3 hours ago - Topic: Agriculture
Transgenic rice producing the insecticidal protein from Bacillus thuringiensis Berliner (Bt) is protected from damage by lepidopteran insect pests. However, one of the main concerns about Bt rice is their potential impacts on non-target herbivores. In the current study, ecological impacts of two Bt rice lines, T1C-19 expressing Cry1C protein and T2A-1 expressing Cry2A protein, on the non-target...

Neonicotinoids and bumble bees (Bombus terrestris): Effects on nectar consumption in individual workers
submitted by bole 3 hours ago - Topic: Agriculture
The objective of this study was to quantify whether the presence of three different neonicotinoid insecticides in sucrose solution: imidacloprid, thiamethoxam or clothianidin results in anti-feedant effects in individual worker bumble bees (Bombus terrestris) and, if so, whether this effect is reversible if bees are subsequently offered untreated feed. Bees exposed to imidacloprid displayed a s...


Effect of Different Inoculum Levels of Meloidogyne incognita on Growth and Biochemical Parameters of Vigna radiata
submitted by ftamin 5 hours ago - Topic: Agriculture
The experiment was carried out to study the effect of Meloidogyne incognita on growth and biochemical parameters of a leguminous plant viz., Vigna radiata cv. PDM 139 under green house conditions by inoculating with different inoculum levels i.e., 0 (control), 200, 400, 800 and 1,600 second stage juveniles per 1.5 kg of soil/pot. With the increase in inoculum level of M. incognita, there was a ...

Seinura manipurensis sp. nov. (Nematoda: Tylenchina) from Manipur, North East India
submitted by ftamin 5 hours ago - Topic: Agriculture
Survey on the nematode of the superfamily Aphelenchoidea revealed the presence of a new species of Seinura associated with rooten pine wood from Bishnupur, Manipur, North East India. The nematodes were extracted from collected samples by Baermann funnel technique. Seinura manipurensis sp. nov. is characterized by a body length of 534.57-645.29 μm, spear = 17.3 μm, spear without stylet...

Eco-friendly Management of Meloidogyne incognita Infecting Eggplant under Greenhouse Conditions
submitted by ftamin 5 hours ago - Topic: Agriculture
The impact of magnetic iron, Bacillus thuringiensis (B.t) and dry leaf powder of moringa singly or integrated with its half dose each together as dual or triple treatments comparing with oxamyl on adjusting Meloidogyne incognita infecting eggplant cv. Black long was investigated under greenhouse conditions (19±3°C). revealed that all tested treatments significantly ameliorated eggpla...

Preliminary study for phenotypic description of vertebral abnormalities in triploid trout subjected to prolonged deficiency in phosphorus
submitted by dittja 5 hours ago - Topic: Agriculture
In trout farmed in freshwater, the use of low phosphorus diet and other concurrent changes in food formulations could affect the normal growth of the skeleton and enhance the occurrence of vertebral abnormalities. Hence, it is important to refine diagnostic of malformations to quickly detect signs of P deficiency during production. Two practical diets consisting of P-deficient (0.5% total P) an...