Biology Agriculture Aquaculture Horticulture Postharvest Forestry Geography Environment Health


Financial drivers of land use decisions: The case of smallholder woodlots in Amhara, Ethiopia
submitted by jay 1 hour ago - Topic: Geography
A household survey on the financial drivers of woodlot production was conducted in the Lake Tana watershed of amhara State, Ethiopia. analysis of smallholder Eucalyptus globulus Labill. production reveals that converting uneroded over eroded croplands leads to significantly higher financial returns. Returns were also significantly higher for rotation intervals closer to the optimal economic rot...

Public policies can reduce tropical deforestation: Lessons and challenges from Brazil
submitted by jay 1 hour ago - Topic: Geography
Reducing carbon emissions from deforestation and forest degradation now constitutes an important strategy for mitigating climate change, particularly in developing countries with large forests. Given growing concerns about global climate change, it is all the more important to identify cases in which economic growth has not sparked excessive forest clearance. We address the recent reduction of ...

Traffic-restriction in Ramallah (Palestine): Participatory sustainability assessment of pedestrian scenarios using a simplified transport model
submitted by jay 1 hour ago - Topic: Geography
Assigning specific infrastructure per transport mode addresses discrepancies between mobility and land-use developments. This paper elaborates on pedestrian scenarios for central Ramallah, a major urban developing area in Palestine. The sustainability of the four alternative pedestrian scenarios is assessed according to the participatory multi-actor multi-criteria analysis, which integrates sta...

Modeling residential development in California from 2000 to 2050: Integrating wildfire risk, wildland and agricultural encroachment
submitted by jay 1 hour ago - Topic: Geography
Between 1940 and 2000, nearly 10 million housing units were constructed throughout California. This increased interaction between human and natural communities creates a number of significant socio-ecological challenges. Here we present a novel spatially explicit model that allows better characterization of the extent and intensity of future housing settlements using three development scenarios...

Navigating conflicting landscape aspirations: Application of a photo-based Q-method in Transylvania (Central Romania)
submitted by jay 1 hour ago - Topic: Geography
In combination, the economic realities brought about by globalization, and the sustainability goals set by the European Union, translate into contradictory challenges for European cultural landscapes. With its high natural and cultural diversity, Transylvania (Central Romania) is facing the choice between development based on a “production for profit” logic, with the risks of a liberalized ...

Dutch planning policy: The resurgence of TOD
submitted by jay 1 hour ago - Topic: Geography
This article examines the transfer of knowledge and information in planning processes, particularly those related to Transit-Oriented Development (TOD) in the metropolitan region of Amsterdam. The authors conclude that knowledge transfers are often highly dependent on the actions of individuals, and that the process of knowledge exchange is frequently uncoordinated and fragmented. Planning idea...

The politics of multi-scalar action in river basin management: Implementing the EU Water Framework Directive (WFD)
submitted by jay 1 hour ago - Topic: Geography
Scholars of environmental governance are increasingly intrigued by issues of scale. Efforts to institutionalise river basin management represent a pertinent exemplar, as they aspire to strengthen hydrological vis-à-vis political–administrative scales of governance. The EU Water Framework Directive (WFD) is one of the most ambitious policy initiatives worldwide to reconfigure water management...

A new system will lead to an optimal path of land consolidation spatial management in China
submitted by jay 1 hour ago - Topic: Geography
Land consolidation spatial management (LCSM) has a significant influence on optimizing national territory arrangement in China. Constrained by the absence of proper administration and evaluation mechanisms, the current LCSM system is entirely based on the principle of “Spatial Recognition of Reserved Arable Land Resources”, which eventually causes the loss of distinct management hierarchy a...

The development visions and attitudes towards urban forestry of officials responsible for greening in South African towns
submitted by jay 1 hour ago - Topic: Geography
The planting and maintenance of trees in public areas of South African towns is the responsibility of local municipalities. Therefore, it is necessary to appreciate the visions and attitudes of municipal officials and decision-makers in charge of such activities for an understanding of the distribution and abundance of trees along streets and in urban green spaces. We hypothesised that the town...

The spatial clustering investment behavior in housing markets
submitted by jay 1 hour ago - Topic: Geography
Housing markets has long been studied by researchers. This paper aims to investigate the tax policy (Special Stamp Duty) impact on housing markets in spatial clustered pattern, which has scarcely been considered in previous studies. To fill in this gap, a group of second hand housing transaction records in Hong Kong is examined by spatial scan statistics and multivariate logistic regression ana...

Land use conflicts in central Sudan: Perception and local coping mechanisms
submitted by jay 1 hour ago - Topic: Geography
Farmer-herder conflicts for the use of land represent a significant challenge for rural communities and the local authorities in Sudan. The study objectives were to (i) recognize farmers’ and herders’ perception on the conflict situation; (ii) elucidate and analyze the relationship between conflict perception and the actors’ socioeconomic characteristics; and (iii) recognize the local cop...

Large magnitude events during injections in geothermal reservoirs and hydraulic energy: A heuristic approach
submitted by rhstaathaff 2 hours ago - Topic: Geography
The occurrence of induced seismicity during reservoir stimulation requires robust real-time monitoring and forecasting methods for risk mitigation. We propose to derive an estimation of M max (here defined as the largest single seismic event occurring during or after reservoir stimulation) using hydraulic energy as a proxy to forecast the total induced seismic moment and to model the transien...

The origin of Lake Cheko and the 1908 Tunguska Event recorded by forest trees
submitted by gaodolapi 4 hours ago - Topic: Geography
Several lines of evidence indicate that Cheko, a small lake close to the epicenter of the 1908 Tunguska Event (TE), fills a crater left behind by a fragment of the Tunguska Cosmic Body (TCB) that impacted the ground downrange of the main explosion. It is thought that over 80 million trees were flattened or burnt as a consequence of the TE. However, a small number of trees in the devastated area...

The last major earthquakes along the magallanes-fagnano fault system recorded by disturbed trees (tierra del fuego, south america)
submitted by gaodolapi 4 hours ago - Topic: Geography
Forests situated above active fault zones may record hillslope evolution, thus holding information about recent seismic events. Lenga trees (Nothofagus pumilio) extend across the Magallanes-Fagnano fault system (MFFS), the active transform boundary between the South American and Scotia plates. Coseismic surface ruptures along the fault scarp tilt trees located uphill. During the interseismic pe...

Electric Regulation: Both Wind and Solar Threaten Financial Feasibility of Base-Load Generation
submitted by rohmon 5 hours ago - Topic: Geography
The interconnection of and production from larger quantities of renewable generation on the nation's power system has altered the traditional operational paradigm. The intermittency of two renewable generation sources, wind and solar, also known as variable energy resources, that constitute the most substantial investment introduces new challenges for power system operators.