Biology Agriculture Aquaculture Horticulture Postharvest Forestry Geography Environment Health





View All

Compliance with recommendations of clinical practice in the management of venous thromboembolism in cancer: The CARMEN study
submitted by 23 minutes ago - Topic: Health
Cancer is associated with venous thromboembolism in 20% of patients. In such patients, thrombosis is difficult to treat, associated with bleeding, recurrence, and death. Specific treatments for venous thromboembolism in cancer are recommended. Guidelines have been implemented in many countries and international guidelines have been recently developed. We evaluated the adhesion to national Frenc...



Testing the Pollution Haven Effect: Does the Type of FDI Matter?
submitted by 24 minutes ago - Topic: Environment
Many studies have tested the pollution haven effect (PHE) which predicts that the tightening of local environmental regulations would shift foreign direct investment (FDI) to less regulated jurisdictions. However, most of them ignored the heterogeneity of FDI. This paper studies the PHE on local-market-oriented and export-oriented FDI and tests whether the two types have different responsivenes...

How Disagreement About Social Costs Leads to Inefficient Energy-Productivity Investment
submitted by 24 minutes ago - Topic: Environment
Public energy-productivity investment influences the amount of future energy consumption. If a present government expects its successor to value the social costs of fuel usage differently, this adds a strategic component to its investment considerations. We analyze this governmental time-inconsistency situation as a sequential game. In particular, we show how the expectation of a more conservat...

Behavioral Environmental Economics: Promises and Challenges
submitted by 24 minutes ago - Topic: Environment
Environmental issues provide a rich ground for identifying the existence and consequences of human limitations. In this paper, we present a growing literature lying at the interface between behavioral and environmental economics. This literature identifies alternative solutions to traditional economic instruments in environmental domains that often work imperfectly. But it also faces a set of c...

Reliability Analyses at Ultimate and Serviceability Limit States of Obliquely Loaded Circular Foundations
submitted by 25 minutes ago - Topic: Geography
This paper aims at determining the failure probability and the corresponding most predominant failure mode at both ultimate (ULS) and serviceability (SLS) limit states of a circular foundation resting on a (c, φ) soil and subjected to an inclined loading. The failure modes at ULS are the footing sliding and the soil punching while those at SLS are the exceedance of tolerable horizontal and ver...



Dynamic Subsidence Characteristics in Jharia Coalfield, India
submitted by 25 minutes ago - Topic: Geography
Surface ground movements are usually described by a number of characteristic indices such as vertical displacement, horizontal strain and slope, which are an inevitable consequence of underground mining. Every point at the surface over a panel is subjected to strain and slope during mining and its investigation is essential to assess the safety of surface structures. Therefore, the behaviour of...

Uptake and acute toxicity of cerium in the lichen Xanthoria parietina
submitted by 26 minutes ago - Topic: Environment
Environmental cerium (Ce) levels are likely to increase in the near future and monitoring of its biological effects will therefore be necessary. The aim of this study was to test if treatment of the lichen Xanthoria parietina with Ce-containing solutions (0.1mM, 1mM, 10mM and 100mM) causes Ce bioaccumulation (both extra- and intra-cellularly) as well as physiological (sample viability, membrane...


Toxicity of sediments from a mangrove forest patch in an urban area in Pernambuco (Brazil)
submitted by 26 minutes ago - Topic: Environment
Industrial and urban residues are discharged every day to the rivers and may arrive at the mangrove forest and prejudice the quality of the environment and the organisms present there. The mangrove forest patch studied is encircled by an urban area of the city of Recife (Brazil) that has approximate 1.5 million inhabitants and is one of the most industrialized centers in Northeast Brazil. The a...

A Review of Adolescent High-Intensity Interval Training
submitted by 30 minutes ago - Topic: Health
Despite the promising evidence supporting positive effects of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) on the metabolic profile in adults, there is limited research targeting adolescents. Given the rising burden of chronic disease, it is essential to implement strategies to improve the cardiometabolic health in adolescence, as this is a key stage in the development of healthy lifestyle behaviour...


Physical Activity in Overweight and Obese Adolescents: Systematic Review of the Effects on Physical Fitness Components and Cardiovascular Risk Factors
submitted by 30 minutes ago - Topic: Health
The increasing prevalence of obesity in the pediatric age range has become a major concern. Studies have investigated the role of physical activity (PA) to prevent obesity in this population. However, previous reviews did not focus on the effects of PA in overweight/obese adolescents on physical fitness and risk factors for cardiovascular disease altogether. The present systematic review analyz...

Applied Sport Science of Rugby League
submitted by 31 minutes ago - Topic: Health
Rugby league is a team sport in which players engage in repeated high-intensity exercise involving frequent collisions. Recent research, much of which has involved global positioning system (GPS) technology, has provided coaches and sport scientists with a deeper understanding of match demands, particularly at the elite level. This has allowed for the development of training programmes that pre...


Association of the HLA-B*52 allele with non-progression to AIDS in Brazilian HIV-1-infected individuals
submitted by 59 minutes ago - Topic: Health
Several human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I alleles are associated with the susceptibility to human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) infection and/or AIDS progression. Of these, the HLA-B alleles are considered the strongest genetic determinant of disease outcome. We evaluated the influence of the HLA-B alleles on AIDS progression among HIV-1-positive individuals from Rio de Janeiro, ...

Concordant or discordant results by the tuberculin skin test and the quantiFERON-TB test in children reflect immune biomarker profiles
submitted by 59 minutes ago - Topic: Health
The tuberculin skin test (TST) and QuantiFERON-TB-Gold-In-tube (QFTGIT) are adjunctive tests used in the diagnosis of pediatric tuberculosis (TB). Neither test can rule out TB; however, a positive test usually triggers preventive treatment in TB contacts aged <5 years. TST and QFTGIT can give divergent results and it is unclear how discordant results should be interpreted in terms of TB ri...

Transcobalamin II (TCN2 67A>G and TCN2 776C>G) and Transcobalamin II Receptor (TCblR 1104C>T) Polymorphisms in Korean Patients with Idiopathic Recurrent Spontaneous Abortion
submitted by 1 hour ago - Topic: Health
The transcobalamin II (TCN2) 776C>G polymorphism has been reported to be a genetic risk factor for idiopathic recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA). However, the sample size in previous studies was small, and other TCN2 polymorphisms have not been studied. Moreover, the TCN2 67A>G and 776C>G polymorphisms, and the transcobalamin II receptor (TCblR/CD320) 1104C>T polymorphism, have demonstrated a...

Wound healing reduces stress-induced immune changes: evidence for immune prioritization in the side-blotched lizard
submitted by 1 hour ago - Topic: Health
Immune system function is affected by a variety of exogenous and endogenous stressors. Most studies have focused on the effect of stressors on immune function, but not necessarily on trade-offs within the immune system and interactions with energy-mobilizing hormones. In this study, we examined how bactericidal ability and corticosterone interacted by applying acute restraint stress in a non-mo...

  • 1