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Do Prosocial People Prefer Sweet-Tasting Foods? An Attempted Replication of Meier, Moeller, Riemer-Peltz, and Robinson (2012)
submitted by proteksotyo 17 minutes ago - Topic: Health
Reported a correlation of .36 between self-reported prosocial personality and preference for sweet-tasting foods. We examined further a possible link between having a “sweet” personality and liking sweet foods, by obtaining self- and observer reports of personality in two samples of about 300 participants each. In both samples, sweet taste preferences correlated .15 or under with self-repor...



The conscientious retiree: The relationship between conscientiousness, retirement, and volunteering
submitted by proteksotyo 17 minutes ago - Topic: Health
The current study examined the relationship between conscientiousness, work status, and volunteering utilizing two large samples, the St. Louis Personality and Aging Network (SPAN) and the Health and Retirement Study (HRS). It was hypothesized that conscientious adults who were retired would be more likely to volunteer because, after retirement, they gain a substantial amount of free time, whil...

Cybernetic big five theory
submitted by proteksotyo 17 minutes ago - Topic: Health
Cybernetics, the study of goal-directed, adaptive systems, is the best framework for an integrative theory of personality. Cybernetic Big Five Theory attempts to provide a comprehensive, synthetic, and mechanistic explanatory model. Constructs that describe psychological individual differences are divided into personality traits, reflecting variation in the parameters of evolved cybernetic mech...

Cross-rater agreement on common and specific variance of personality scales and items
submitted by proteksotyo 17 minutes ago - Topic: Health
Using the NEO Personality Inventory-3, we analyzed self/informant agreement on personality traits at three levels that were made statistically independent from each other: domains, facets, and individual items. Cross-rater correlations for the common variance in the five domains ranged from 0.36 to 0.65 (M = 0.49), whereas estimates for the specific variance of the 30 facets ranged from 0.40 to...

Agentic extraversion moderates the effect of physical exercise on executive shifting performance
submitted by proteksotyo 18 minutes ago - Topic: Health
The present study investigated the impact of physical exercise on the executive shifting function in 24 participants low and 24 participants high in agentic extraversion and tested whether agentic extraversion moderated the exercise effect. Participants accomplished a shifting task and a control task that employed the same materials and response procedure as the shifting task but required less ...



Bringing Next-Generation Sequencing into the Classroom through a Comparison of Molecular Biology Techniques
submitted by aboloji 19 minutes ago - Topic: Biology
Although the development of next-generation (NextGen) sequencing technologies has revolutionized genomic research and medicine, the incorporation of these topics into the classroom is challenging, given an implied high degree of technical complexity. We developed an easy-to-implement, interactive classroom activity investigating the similarities and differences between current sequencing method...

Late Holocene swamp transition in the Torres Strait, northern tropical Australia
submitted by labeco 36 minutes ago - Topic: Geography
Pollen and charcoal analyses are presented from the islands of Mua and Badu, western Torres Strait (northern Australia). Sediment core collections from island interior Melaleuca swamps provide a record of hydrological and vegetation change through the period c.2700 BP to present. Seasonally moist-dry open herbaceous habitats are recorded prior to extensive stable boundary swamp and swamp-fores...


February–June temperature variability in western Himalaya, India, since AD 1455
submitted by labeco 36 minutes ago - Topic: Geography
February–June (FJ) mean temperature records (AD 1455–2002) were developed using ring-width chronologies of Cedrus deodara from three sites in Tons valley, western Himalaya, India. The reconstructed series captured 30-year coolest (AD 1911–1940) and warmest (AD 1941–1970) periods in the 20th century in the last 548 years. The 20th century warming trend is not evident in our reconstructed...

Mid Holocene radiocarbon ages in the Subtropical Andes (∼29°–35° S), climatic change and implications for human space organization
submitted by labeco 36 minutes ago - Topic: Geography
This article discusses the distribution of radiocarbon age signatures obtained from archeological sites between 29° and 35° S in Central Chile and Midwest Argentina. The goal of this analysis is to establish bases from which to interpret regional trends in the distribution of the archaeological record that connect these areas, which have been traditionally considered to be geographically deco...


Vegetation and climate changes in the western Chinese Loess Plateau since the Last Glacial Maximum
submitted by labeco 36 minutes ago - Topic: Geography
Pollen analysis was conducted for loess deposits from three sites in the western Chinese Loess Plateau, i.e. the loess area west of the Liupan Mountains. show that during the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM), in-situ vegetation was dominated by Artemisia and some drought–tolerant species such as Echinops-type, Chenopodiaceae, Nitraria, and Ephedra, while coniferous forest (mainly Picea) flourished ...

‘When a long way in a bark canoe becomes a quick trip in a boat’ relationships to sea country & changes to Yanyuwa watercraft
submitted by labeco 36 minutes ago - Topic: Geography
Transport innovation and social complexity among maritime cultures have long been associated with one another. The relationship between watercraft technology and sociopolitical complexity has been argued by many, including Arnold (1995), Hayden (1983), Hodgins et al. (2001), Jones and Allen (1980), Kirch (1991), Patton (2014) and Rowland (1984, 1987). Arnold (1995) presents the view that coast...


A review of Late Quaternary inland dune systems of South America east of the Andes
submitted by labeco 36 minutes ago - Topic: Geography
Inland dune systems of South America occur in a variety of environmental settings under different climatic conditions, from humid–subhumid to semiarid–arid. This contribution provides the state of the art on dune research of inland systems east of the Andes. Tropical northern (∼10°N–∼10°S), including the dune fields of Llanos del Orinoco and the Amazonian basin, are mainly formed fr...

Orthodontic care for the behavior-challenged special needs patient
submitted by vencieadeco 44 minutes ago - Topic: Health
Despite having a high prevalence of functionally compromising malocclusions, individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities do not regularly receive necessary orthodontic treatment. Patients with behavior challenges are unlikely to be offered this treatment option. However, with appropriate behavior management interventions and pharmacologic sedation, orthodontic treatment becomes...

Effect of simplified ethanol-wet bonding on microtensile bond strengths of dentin adhesive agents with different solvents
submitted by pwegener 48 minutes ago - Topic: Health
Available knowledge about the effect of solvent-type etch-and-rinse adhesives on dentin bond strengths achieved with ethanol-wet bonding is limited. Therefore, this study was conducted to determine 24-hour bond strengths of etch-and-rinse adhesives with different solvents to acid-etched dentin saturated with either water-wet bonding or ethanol-wet-bonding techniques. Sixteen bovine incisors wer...

Status of bacterial colonization in teeth associated with different types of pulpal and periradicular disease: A scanning electron microscopy analysis
submitted by pwegener 48 minutes ago - Topic: Health
The purpose of this study was to use scanning electron microscopy (SEM) to investigate the status of bacterial colonization in differently infected root canals and the damage to radicular dentin. Twenty-five freshly extracted teeth were selected for this study (Group A: 8 teeth with pulpitis; Group B: 10 teeth with periapical lesions; and Group C: 7 teeth with failed root canal treatment). Afte...