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Scaling of Thermal Images at Different Spatial Resolution: The Mixed Pixel Problem
submitted by oyb119 13 minutes ago - Topic: Agriculture
The consequences of changes in spatial resolution for application of thermal imagery in plant phenotyping in the field are discussed. Where image pixels are significantly smaller than the objects of interest (e.g., leaves), accurate estimates of leaf temperature are possible, but when pixels reach the same scale or larger than the objects of interest, the observed temperatures become significan...



Short-term effects of air temperature on cause-specific cardiovascular mortality in Bavaria, Germany
submitted by ondriwrjb 20 minutes ago - Topic: Health
This time series study aimed to examine the association between daily air temperature and cause-specific cardiovascular mortality in Bavaria, Southern Germany. We obtained data from the cities Munich, Nuremberg and Augsburg and two adjacent administrative districts (Augsburg and Aichach-Friedberg), for the period 1990–2006. Data included daily cause-specific cardiovascular death counts, m...

Dietary Intake Is Related to Multifactor Cardiovascular Risk Score in Obese Boys
submitted by colthrapi 31 minutes ago - Topic: Health
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) originates in childhood and early identification of risk factors provides an early intervention opportunity. The aim was to identify children at higher risk using a CVD risk score, developed from factors known to cluster in childhood. Risk was scored as very high (≥97.5th centile), high (≥95th), moderate (≥90th) or threshold (<90th) using normal pediatr...

The potential mechanistic link between allergy and obesity development and infant formula feeding
submitted by pporminteir 32 minutes ago - Topic: Health
This article provides a new view of the cellular mechanisms that have been proposed to explain the links between infant formula feeding and the development of atopy and obesity. Epidemiological evidence points to an allergy- and obesity-preventive effect of breastfeeding. Both allergy and obesity development have been traced back to accelerated growth early in life. The nutrient-sensitive kinas...

Auto-injector needle length may be inadequate to deliver epinephrine intramuscularly in women with confirmed food allergy
submitted by pporminteir 33 minutes ago - Topic: Health
Epinephrine auto-injectors are the standard first aid treatment for anaphylaxis. Intramuscular delivery into the anterolateral aspect of the thigh is recommended for optimal onset of action of epinephrine. The most frequently prescribed auto-injector in North America and Canada is the EpiPen®, which has a needle length of 15.2 mm. Currently, it is unknown whether this needle length is adequat...



Assessment of pharmacist-led patient counseling in randomized controlled trials: a systematic review
submitted by chorlis 38 minutes ago - Topic: Health
Pharmacists’ counseling has improved health-related outcomes in many acute and chronic conditions. Several studies have shown how pharmacists have been contributing to reduce morbidity and mortality related to drug-therapy (MMRDT). However, there still is a lack of reviews that assemble evidence-based clinical pharmacists’ counseling. Equally, there is also a need to understand structure ch...

Changing paradigms in management of metastatic Castration Resistant Prostate Cancer (mCRPC)
submitted by jspinci 40 minutes ago - Topic: Health
Recently, the standard of care for metastatic Castration Resistant Prostate Cancer (mCRPC) has changed considerably. Persistent androgen receptor (AR) signaling has been identified as a target for novel therapies and reengages the fact that AR continues to be the primary target responsible for metastatic prostate cancer. Androgen receptor gene amplification and over expression have been found t...


Origin of the anterior cruciate ligament and the surrounding osseous landmarks of the femur
submitted by ntgrzych 48 minutes ago - Topic: Biology
The aims of this study were to evaluate the discernibility of the LIR (lateral intercondylar ridge) and the LBR (lateral bifurcate ridge) and show their reliability in femoral tunnel placement in ACL (anterior cruciate ligament) reconstruction. Additionally, their position to the femoral axis, their course, and the ACL footprint were analyzed. For this study, 235 human femora were evaluated. Of...

Anatomical eponyms, Part 2: The other side of the coin
submitted by ntgrzych 48 minutes ago - Topic: Biology
Over a century after they were removed, at least officially, from anatomical terminology, eponyms remain an obviously controversial topic. In the first part of this paper we acted as their defense counsel, aiming to demonstrate that the 1895 first edition of the Nomina Anatomica and subsequently the Federative Committee on Anatomical Terminology (FCAT) probably put the cart before the horse. Ho...


The Chiari malformations: A review with emphasis on anatomical traits
submitted by ntgrzych 48 minutes ago - Topic: Biology
Hindbrain herniations come in many forms and have been further subdivided as their original descriptions. For cerebellar tonsillar ectopia, they can be divided into two categories, acquired and congenital. Acquired hindbrain herniations are due to increased intracranial pressure caused by certain conditions such as trauma or brain tumor. Although the mechanism for their formation is not clear, ...

Anatomical significance in aortoiliac occlusive disease
submitted by ntgrzych 48 minutes ago - Topic: Biology
Aortoiliac occlusive disease is a subset of peripheral arterial disease involving an atheromatous occlusion of the infrarenal aorta, common iliac arteries, or both. The disease, as it is known today, was described by the French surgeon René Leriche as a thrombotic occlusion of the end of the aorta. Leriche successfully linked the anatomic location of the occlusion with a unique triad of sympto...


Symmetric corticospinal excitability and representation of vastus lateralis muscle in right-handed healthy subjects
submitted by ntgrzych 48 minutes ago - Topic: Biology
The purpose of this study was to determine the size and location of the representations of the anterior thigh muscles on the human motor cortex in the dominant and non-dominant hemispheres. Motor-evoked potentials (MEPs) induced by transcranial magnetic stimulation were recorded from the right and left vastus lateralis (rVL, lVL) muscles. A total of ten right-handed healthy volunteers participa...

Protective Effects of Colchicine in an Experimental Rat Endometriosis Model: Histopathological Evaluation and Assessment of TNF-alpha Levels
submitted by dlianawins 50 minutes ago - Topic: Health
Endometriosis is an estrogen-dependent chronic inflammatory disease observed in reproductive period. The aim of the present study is to assess the efficacy of colchicine, widely used to treat many inflammatory diseases, in an experimental rat endometriosis model. Experimental endometriosis was constituted with implantation of autogenous endometrial tissue. Rats were divided randomly into 2 grou...

Early Dexamethasone Treatment Induces Placental Apoptosis in Sheep
submitted by dlianawins 50 minutes ago - Topic: Health
Glucocorticoid treatment given in late pregnancy in sheep resulted in altered placental development and function. An imbalance of placental survival and apoptotic factors resulting in an increased rate of apoptosis may be involved. We have now investigated the effects of dexamethasone (DEX) in early pregnancy on binucleate cells (BNCs), placental apoptosis, and fetal sex as a determinant of the...

Predicting Remission of Diabetes After RYGB Surgery Following Intensive Management to Optimize Preoperative Glucose Control
submitted by iddeiback2 51 minutes ago - Topic: Health
The purpose of the study is to investigate the association of preoperative glucose optimization prior to a Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and diabetes remission. The study is a retrospective review of 245 patients with a history of diabetes type II and a RYGB from 2008 to 2012 at UMass Memorial Hospital. that benefited from glucose optimization prior to RYGB were more likely to achieve diabete...