Biology Agriculture Aquaculture Horticulture Postharvest Forestry Geography Environment Health





View All

Mini-tablets: a contemporary system for oral drug delivery in targeted patient groups
submitted by kochrchi 21 minutes ago - Topic: Health
Mini-tablets represent a new trend in solid dosage form design, with the main goal of overcoming some therapeutic obstacles such as impaired swallowing and polypharmacy therapy, and also offering some therapeutic benefits such as dose flexibility and combined release patterns. Mini-tablets are a promising patient-friendly drug delivery system. Areas covered: Mini-tablets are tablets with a diam...



Antimicrobial Activity of a Novel Pichia membranifaciens Strain Isolated from Naturally Fermented Cashew Apple Juice
submitted by riololinko 44 minutes ago - Topic: Health
Yeasts form a natural and dominant surface flora on the cashew apple and fermented cashew apple juice due to its rich nutritional content. In the present study, yeast flora from naturally fermented cashew apple juice was studied. Based on different colony characters on potato dextrose agar, 11 different types of yeasts were isolated. The yeast strain ICARG 16 was further characterized and based...

Diagnostic accuracy of emergency physician performed graded compression ultrasound study in acute appendicitis: a prospective study
submitted by lenogholeb 46 minutes ago - Topic: Health
Accurate early diagnosis of appendicitis can decrease its complications and minimize the mortality, morbidity and costs. This prospective study evaluates the accuracy of bedside emergency physician performed ultrasound study diagnosis in acute appendicitis. who were suspicious to have appendicitis based on their clinical findings were included and underwent emergency physician performed ultraso...

Psychometric properties of the 7-item Generalized Anxiety Disorder scale in antepartum women from Ghana and Côte d’Ivoire
submitted by tenyoni 47 minutes ago - Topic: Health
To explore the psychometric properties of the 7-item Generalized Anxiety Disorder scale (GAD-7) in West African pregnant women. In a cross-sectional study, the GAD-7, the PHQ-9 (depression module of the Patient Health Questionnaire) and the WHO-DAS II (12-item World Health Organization Disability Scale) were administered to n=647 Ivorian and n=395 Ghanaian antepartum women with low-risk pregnan...

The Spanish version of the Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology-Self-Report (QIDS-SR16): A psychometric analysis in a clinical sample
submitted by tenyoni 47 minutes ago - Topic: Health
Psychometrically robust and easy-to-administer scales for depressive symptoms are necessary for research and clinical assessment. This is a psychometric study of the Spanish version of the Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology-Self-Report (QIDS-SR16) in a clinical sample. One-hundred and seventy-three patients (65% women) with a psychiatric disorder including depressive symptoms were rec...



Cross-border reproductive care for law evasion: A qualitative study into the experiences and moral perspectives of French women who go to Belgium for treatment with donor sperm
submitted by friidamzn 49 minutes ago - Topic: Health
One consequence of the legal diversity in Europe is that legal restrictions on treatments can be evaded by going abroad. Many French lesbian couples and single women are crossing the border to Belgium because they are denied access to treatments with donor sperm at home. This is the first qualitative research study into the experiences and moral perspectives of these women. Between June 2012 an...

Variation in the costs of dying and the role of different health services, socio-demographic characteristics, and preceding health care expenses
submitted by friidamzn 49 minutes ago - Topic: Health
The health care costs of population ageing are for an important part attributable to higher mortality rates in combination with high costs of dying. This paper answers three questions that remain unanswered regarding the costs of dying: (1) contributions of different health services to the costs of dying; variation in the costs of dying; and the influence of preceding health care expenses on th...


Circadian rhythm of peripheral perfusion during 10-day hypoxic confinement and bed rest
submitted by trontein 55 minutes ago - Topic: Health
Future planetary habitats will be hypobaric and hypoxic to reduce the risk of decompression sickness during preparation for extra-vehicular activities. This study was part of a research programme investigating the combined effects of hypoxia and microgravity on physiological systems. We tested the hypothesis that hypoxia-induced peripheral vasoconstriction persists at night and is aggravated by...

Changes in heart rate variability during the induction and decay of heat acclimation
submitted by trontein 55 minutes ago - Topic: Health
We evaluated the changes in core temperature, heart rate, and heart rate variability (HRV) during the induction and decay of heat acclimation. Ten males (23 ± 3 years; 79.5 ± 3.5 kg; 15.2 ± 4.5 percent body fat; 51.13 ± 4.61 mLO2∙kg−1∙min−1 peak oxygen uptake) underwent a 14-day heat acclimation protocol comprising of 90-min cycling at ~50 % peak oxygen uptake at 40 °C...


Electromyogram features during linear torque decrement and their changes with fatigue
submitted by trontein 55 minutes ago - Topic: Health
Surface electromyogram (EMG) spike shape analysis (SSA) has recently been proposed as an adjunct tool to EMG time and frequency domain analysis to increase our knowledge of motor unit (MU) control strategies. The study was aimed to understand more in MU deactivation strategy during torque decrement, and its possible changes in fatigued muscle, using a combination of traditional time and frequen...

Faster (dot{V}{text{O}}_{ 2}) kinetics after eccentric contractions is explained by better matching of O2<
submitted by trontein 55 minutes ago - Topic: Health
This study examined the impact of eccentric exercise-induced muscle damage on the rate of adjustment in muscle deoxygenation and pulmonary O2 uptake ((dot{V}{text{O}}_{{2{text{p}}}})) kinetics during moderate exercise. Fourteen males (25 ± 3 year; mean ± SD) completed three step transitions to 90 % θL before (Pre), 24 h (Post24) and 48 h after (Post48) eccentric exercise (100 eccentr...


Increased air velocity during exercise in the heat leads to equal reductions in hydration shifts and interleukin-6 with age
submitted by trontein 55 minutes ago - Topic: Health
The effectiveness of increased air velocity in reducing hydration shifts and physiological strain during work in the heat was examined in young and older males. Ten young (mean ± SE, 24 ± 1 years) and 10 older (59 ± 1 years) males, matched for height, mass, and body surface area, cycled 4 × 15-min at moderate-to-heavy heat production (400 W), with 15-min rest separations betwee...

Acute resistance exercise increases the expression of chemotactic factors within skeletal muscle
submitted by trontein 55 minutes ago - Topic: Health
Intense resistance exercise causes mechanical loading of skeletal muscle, followed by muscle adaptation. Chemotactic factors likely play an important role in these processes. We investigated the time course of changes in the expression and tissue localization of several key chemotactic factors in skeletal muscle during the early phase of recovery following resistance exercise. Muscle biopsy sam...

Decoupling of laxity and cortical activation in functionally unstable ankles during joint loading
submitted by trontein 55 minutes ago - Topic: Health
Recent studies have highlighted central nervous system alterations following ligamentous injury that may contribute to joint instability. However, research has not observed cortical responses to joint loading or sensory changes in the context of joint laxity following injury. Forty-two subjects were stratified into healthy (CON), unstable (UNS), and coper (COP) groups using ankle injury and ins...

The effect of purinergic P2 receptor blockade on skeletal muscle exercise hyperemia in miniature swine
submitted by trontein 55 minutes ago - Topic: Health
ATP could play an important role in skeletal muscle blood flow regulation by inducing vasodilation via purinergic P2 receptors. This study investigated the role of P2 receptors in exercise hyperemia in miniature swine. We measured regional blood flow with radiolabeled-microsphere technique and systemic hemodynamics before and after arterial infusion of the P2 receptor antagonist reactive blue 2...