Biology Agriculture Aquaculture Horticulture Postharvest Forestry Geography Environment Health





View All

The influence of prior rape on the psychological and physical health functioning of older adults
submitted by 10 minutes ago - Topic: Health
Older adults who have experienced traumatic events earlier in life may be especially vulnerable to additional challenges associated with aging. In a cross-sectional study of older females, the present study examines whether a history of rape is associated with current psychological and health problems. This study used existing data from the female respondents (N = 1228) in the National Social L...



Preservation of original aragonite structure in Desmophyllum castellolense (Scleractinia) from the Eocene Igualada Basin (NE Spain)
submitted by 10 minutes ago - Topic: Geography
Scleractinian corals produce an aragonite skeleton that is usually converted to calcite by diagenetic processes after death. However, examples that have preserved the original aragonite skeleton and its original microstructure have been found in the Igualada Basin (NE Spain). The species Desmophyllum castellolense is described and analyzed. X-ray diffraction was used to confirm the skeletal ara...

Groundwater Arsenic in South-East Asia: Extent, Effects and Solutions
submitted by 17 minutes ago - Topic: Environment
Groundwater is a clean source of drinking water. However, the presence of elevated concentrations of inorganic arsenic in groundwater, particularly in the regions of Bangladesh and the eastern part of India, is a cause for concern. Most people residing in this geographic location have no alternative but to drink arsenic contaminated groundwater, which has arsenic concentrations above the permis...

Assessment of the Chemical Quality of Water in the Halabja-Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region of Iraq
submitted by 17 minutes ago - Topic: Environment
A study of water pollution was conducted at Halabja-Sulaimani. Water samples were collected from five different locations in a radial manner around and within Halabja town. Water sources included artesian wells, drilled wells and Kahreezes. Before the chlorination and disinfection process, water samples were collected and then chemical and bacteriological analyses were conducted. The field work...

Assessment of Heavy Metals in Top Soil around a Proposed Uranium Tailings Pond in Southern India
submitted by 17 minutes ago - Topic: Environment
The concentration of heavy metals such as copper, iron, manganese, lead and zinc in top soil around a proposed uranium mining and tailings pond area in Nalgonda district, Andhra Pradesh, India was determined. Fourteen soil samples were collected in July 2010 and analysed as per standard procedures. The mean concentration of copper, iron, manganese, lead and zinc in the soil was 0.19, 54.48, 2.0...



Impacts of and Adaptations to Sea Level Rise in Malaysia
submitted by 17 minutes ago - Topic: Environment
Sea level rise (SLR) due to global warming would severely affect the coastal areas of many countries of the world through inundation of coastal areas and islands, shoreline erosion, and destruction of important ecosystems such as wetlands and mangroves. A significant increase of sea level would hamper the economy, trade, tourism, biodiversity and livelihood. This article attempts to highlight a...

Seasonal Variation of Phytoplankton Diversity in Relation to Eutrophication of Mathura Beel, a Floodplain Lake in West Bengal, India
submitted by 17 minutes ago - Topic: Environment
Current study deals with the phytoplankton structure and seasonal variation in Mathura Beel (wetland), a floodplain lake in Gangetic plane of West Bengal, India. The generic composition of phytoplankton was studied monthly during August 2008 to February 201All the relevant calculations were done according to three seasons viz. pre-monsoon, monsoon and post-monsoon. A total of 96 species belongi...


Fuzzy and Neuro-Fuzzy Modelling for Prediction of Effluent COD for a Real Scale UASB Reactor Treating Distillery Wastewater
submitted by 17 minutes ago - Topic: Environment
The high rate anaerobic processes are used for treatment of industrial wastewater. These processes are subjected to many disturbances due to variation in quantity and quality of wastewater. Neuro-fuzzy (ANFIS) and fuzzy models were developed for prediction of effluent COD for an UASB reactor treating distillery wastewater. Different combinations of input parameters were assessed to obtain the A...

Operation of Brick Kilns in Bangladesh – A Comparative Study
submitted by 17 minutes ago - Topic: Environment
This paper presents an investigation on current use of brick kiln technologies in Bangladesh. There are around five thousand established and numerous make-shift brickfields of various capacities all over the country. Most of the kilns in Bangladesh are fixed chimney (FCK) type, which are somewhat old technology and sources of pounding pollutions. Recently the Department of Environment (DoE) of ...


Performance Studies on Biological Treatment of Slaughterhouse Wastewater Using Mixed Culture in Sequencing Batch Reactor
submitted by 17 minutes ago - Topic: Environment
The slaughterhouse and meat processing units generate large volumes of wastewater containing high organic and nitrogenous substances (COD, NH_4^+-N), which require considerable degree of treatment before discharge to the water body. In this regard, selecting an effective treatment system is important. Amongst various biological treatment systems sequencing batch reactor (SBR) is comparatively n...

Studies on Physicochemical Parameters to Assess the Water Quality at Selected Sites of River Hooghly, a Tributary of the Ganges, West Bengal, India
submitted by 17 minutes ago - Topic: Environment
The physico-chemical characteristics of Hooghly river water and drain water falling in the same river have been studied. Five sampling stations namely, Bataghat (BATA), Bagkhal (BAGK), Baromandir ghat (BARO), Ghoshpara (GHOS), and Sakherbazar ghat (SAKH) are situated in highly populated as well as industrial belt of West Bengal, India. Sampling was done between November 2009 and June 2010 to me...


Understanding Levels and Sources of PAHs in Water of Bharalu Tributary of the Brahmaputra River
submitted by 17 minutes ago - Topic: Environment
Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) were assessed in Bharalu River water of Guwahati city area during two seasons of 2012-2013. Water samples of seven representative locations were analysed for USEPA's priority 16 PAHs. PAHs were extracted from water samples by organic-aqueous partitioning and were cleaned up by a silica column. Qualitative and quantitative analysis of the PAHs were perform...

Preparation of Water Absorbing Pavement Material from Fly Ash
submitted by 17 minutes ago - Topic: Environment
Fly ash generated from thermal power plants are considered to be a major environmental pollutant due to the toxic material. As per the recent development, fly ash presently is getting dumped as a waste. Being highly fine in nature, it has got high contribution in air pollution and water pollution. Many attempts have been made to utilize fly ash in various aspects such as mine filling, preparati...

Corneal biomechanical effects: Small-incision lenticule extraction versus femtosecond laser–assisted laser in situ keratomileusis
submitted by 18 minutes ago - Topic: Health
To compare the biomechanical properties of the cornea after small-incision lenticule extraction (lenticule extraction group) with those after femtosecond laser–assisted laser in situ keratomileusis (femtosecond LASIK group). Tianjin Eye Hospital Eye Institute, Tianjin Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China. Prospective comparative case s...

The changing pattern of measles, mumps and rubella vaccine uptake in egg allergic children
submitted by 26 minutes ago - Topic: Health
Measles, mumps and rubella are viral infectious diseases which may be prevented by the administration of the measles, mumps, rubella vaccine (MMR) to young children. Since 1996 the UK Department of Health (DoH) recommends that all children undergo a two dose MMR immunisation schedule.1 MMR immunisation uptake rates in the UK2 have varied significantly over the past 15 years, from 91% of childre...

  • 1