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The political process in global health and nutrition governance: the G8's 2010 Muskoka Initiative on Maternal, Child, and Newborn Health
submitted by corlahomilenck 16 minutes ago - Topic: Biology
Why do informal, plurilateral summit institutions such as the Group of Eight (G8) major market democracies succeed in advancing costly public health priorities such as maternal, newborn, and child health (MNCH), even when the formal, multilateral United Nations (UN) system fails to meet such goals, when G8 governments afflicted by recession, deficit, and debt seek to cut expenditures, and when ...



Unraveling the contribution of ectoenzymes to myeloma life and survival in the bone marrow niche
submitted by corlahomilenck 16 minutes ago - Topic: Biology
The bone marrow provides a protected environment for generating a vast array of cell types. Bones are thus a dynamic source of structural components and soluble factors used either locally or at a distance from their site of production. We discuss the role of ectoenzymes in the bone niche where human myeloma grows. Selected ectoenzymes have been tested for their ability to promote production of...

What is wrong with the tenets underpinning current management of severe traumatic brain injury?
submitted by corlahomilenck 17 minutes ago - Topic: Biology
The results of a recent randomized controlled trial comparing intracranial pressure (ICP) monitor–based treatment of severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI) to management without ICP monitoring prompt this skeptical reconsideration of the scientific foundation underlying current sTBI management. Much of current practice arises from research performed under conditions that are no longer relevant ...

Reversing death: the miracle of modern medicine
submitted by corlahomilenck 17 minutes ago - Topic: Biology
Breakthroughs in emergency medicine have enabled science to halt and even reverse death. However, these advances have inadvertently led science into a domain that has traditionally been the purview of theology and philosophy. Steve Paulson, executive producer and host of To the Best of Our Knowledge, moderated a discussion that included emergency medicine experts Lance B. Becker and Sam Parnia,...

Confronting mortality: faith and meaning across cultures
submitted by corlahomilenck 17 minutes ago - Topic: Biology
Despite advances in technology and medicine, death itself remains an immutable certainty. Indeed, the acceptance and understanding of our mortality are among the enduring metaphysical challenges that have confronted human beings from the beginning of time. How have we sought to cope with the inevitability of our mortality? How do various cultural and social representations of mortality shape an...



Experiencing death: an insider's perspective
submitted by corlahomilenck 17 minutes ago - Topic: Biology
For millennia, human beings have wondered what happens after death. What is the first-person experience of dying and being brought back to life? Technological advances in resuscitation science have now added an intriguing new chapter to the literature of out-of-body or near-death experiences by eliciting detailed and vivid accounts of those who have approached the threshold of death. Steve Paul...

Iatrogenic salt water drowning and the hazards of a high central venous pressure
submitted by ogradivca 25 minutes ago - Topic: Health
Current teaching and guidelines suggest that aggressive fluid resuscitation is the best initial approach to the patient with hemodynamic instability. The source of this wisdom is difficult to discern, however, Early Goal Directed therapy (EGDT) as championed by Rivers et al. and the Surviving Sepsis Campaign Guidelines appears to have established this as the irrefutable truth. However, over the...


Manual muster: A critical analysis of the use of common terms in Australian working dog manuals
submitted by hamdastoro 31 minutes ago - Topic: Biology
With behavioral causes of failure/dismissal - so-called behavioral wastage - of dogs in training estimated to be in the region of 50% for the livestock herding dog sector, research into the selection and preparation of dogs with the requisite skills needs to be prioritized for both welfare and economic reasons. This article describes a pilot study of the terminology that characterizes Australia...

Behavioral Evaluations Of Shelter Dogs: Literature Review, Perspectives And Follow-Up Within The European Member States’s Legislation Ith Emphasis On The Belgian Situation
submitted by hamdastoro 32 minutes ago - Topic: Biology
The purpose of this study was to review dog behavior evaluation methods currently used in animal shelter dogs in the European Union (EU). (1) A literature review was carried out to examine findings, outline strengths and shortcomings of currently used behavioral evaluations and identify supplementary areas of research; the impact of existing literature on EU Member States’ (MS) legislation on...


Behavior of Hearing or Vision Impaired and Normal Hearing and Vision Dogs (Canis lupis familiaris): Not the Same, but Not that Different
submitted by hamdastoro 32 minutes ago - Topic: Biology
The paper compared behavioral characteristics of dogs (Canis lupis familiaris) labeled as hearing and/or vision impaired by their owners with cohort dogs labelled as having normal hearing and vision by their owners. The Canine Behavior Assessment Research Questionnaire (C-BARQ), developed by Hsu and Serpell (2003), was used to survey owners. Four hundred sixty one dog owners completed the onlin...

Echinococcus granulosus and other intestinal helminths: current status of prevalence and management in rural dogs of eastern Australia
submitted by ono 32 minutes ago - Topic: Agriculture
Ascertain the prevalence of intestinal helminths in rural dogs from eastern Australia and Tasmania. Identify farm management practices contributing to the perpetuation and transmission of Echinococcus granulosus. Helminth infection in dogs was determined microscopically through faecal flotation. Infection with E. granulosus was determined via faecal antigen-capture ELISA and coproPCR. Taeniid e...


Characterization and mapping of a spotted-leaf genotype, splY181 that confers blast susceptibility in rice
submitted by rozon44 36 minutes ago - Topic: Agriculture
A spotted-leaf mutant Y181, produced by 60Coγ-radiation treatment of Zixuan1, was identified in rice. The result of TEM demonstrated the number of starch grains decreased significantly, the distribution and volumes of osmiophilic granules and lipid balls were larger in the leaf cells around the lesion mimics, the chloroplasts in mesophyll cells disappeared and just leaving a few rupture thylak...

Gene expression analysis of peach fruit at different growth stages and with different susceptibility to Monilinia laxa
submitted by rozon44 36 minutes ago - Topic: Agriculture
Monilinia brown rot is one of the most important diseases of peach (Prunus persica L. Batsch). In this study, the susceptibility to Monilinia rot of peach fruit during ripening was analysed weekly by assessing infected fruits upon artificial inoculation. Fruit drastically reduced their susceptibility to Monilinia rot along with ripening, becoming resistant in correspondence to pit hardening (a ...

Effects of mating patterns on reproductive performance and offspring fitness in Cryptolaemus montrouzieri
submitted by pallykario 44 minutes ago - Topic: Agriculture
We examined the female mating choice of Cryptolaemus montrouzieri Mulsant (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) when exposed to a male with which she had mated before vs. a novel male which she never encountered. After first mating, most females chose to remate with the same male and showed a shorter mating latency period to copulation with the familiar male as compared to a new male. Then, we allowed a ...

Biology of Lysiphlebus fabarum following cold storage of larvae and pupae
submitted by pallykario 44 minutes ago - Topic: Agriculture
Cold storage is one means of preserving parasitoids prior to release in augmentation biological control programs. This study examined the feasibility of storing larval and pupal stages of a sexual population of Lysiphlebus fabarum Marshall (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Aphidiinae) at 6 ± 1 and 8 ± 1 °C, 50–60% r.h., and L14:D10 photoperiod. These life stages were stored for periods of 1, ...