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Who opts out of the statutory health insurance? a discrete time hazard model for germany
submitted by tormik97 1 hour ago - Topic: Health
The coexistence of social health insurance and private health insurance in Germany is subject to intense public debate. As only few have the opportunity to choose between the two systems, they are often regarded as privileged by the health insurance system. Applying a hazard model in discrete time, this paper examines the role of incentives set by the regulatory framework and the influence of i...



Inequity in the face of death
submitted by tormik97 1 hour ago - Topic: Health
We apply the theory of inequality of opportunity to the measurement of inequity in mortality. Using a rich data set linking records of mortality and health events to survey data on lifestyles for the Netherlands (1998–2007), we test the sensitivity of estimated inequity to different normative choices and conclude that the location of the responsibility cut is of vital importance. Traditional ...

Supercritical water gasification of biomass in diamond anvil cells and fluidized beds
submitted by sandor 1 hour ago - Topic: Biology
With the shift in interest towards renewable energy, hydrogen as an alternative gaseous fuel seems to attract much attention. Waste biomass is an ideal option for the synthesis of biofuels due to its abundance and no net CO2 emissions. Hydrogen can be produced through supercritical water gasification of waste biomass. Hydrogen is an attractive energy carrier which can be used as a direct fuel o...

Could preoperative short-course radiotherapy be the treatment of choice for localized advanced rectal carcinoma?
submitted by foesl 1 hour ago - Topic: Health
Short-course preoperative radiotherapy (RT) is widely used in northern Europe for locally advanced resectable rectal cancer, but its role in the era of advanced imaging techniques is uncertain. Here, we reviewed articles and abstracts on SCRT published from 1974 through 2013 with the goal of identifying patients who might be best suited for short-course RT. We included relevant articles compari...

Memories of Traumatic Events in Childhood Fade After Experiencing Similar Less Stressful Events: Results From Two Natural Experiments
submitted by oshliik16 1 hour ago - Topic: Health
The long-term stability of youth reports of traumatic events is largely unknown. Translational animal research suggests that there may be an alteration of memories for traumatic events via memory reconsolidation processes, whereas clinical research suggests memory alteration may occur through augmentation by negative emotions. In this report, 2 natural experiments test reconsolidation model and...



Herpes B virus gD interaction with its human receptor – an in silico analysis approach
submitted by vondzangg 1 hour ago - Topic: Biology
The glycoprotein D (gD) is essential for Herpes B virus (BV) entry into mammalian cells. Nectin-1, an HSV-1 gD receptor, is found to be the receptor which mediated BV induced cell-cell fusion, while HVEM does not mediate fusion by BV glycoprotein. However, the specific sequence and structural requirements of the BV gD for the recognition of and binding to Nectin-1 are unknown. Moreover, the 3D ...

Effects of combined netupitant and palonosetron (NEPA), a cancer supportive care antiemetic, on the ECG of healthy subjects: an ICH E14 thorough QT trial
submitted by girordamx 1 hour ago - Topic: Health
Chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting is ranked among the worst side effects of chemotherapy. NEPA is a fixed-dose combination antiemetic under development, consisting of netupitant 300 mg, a highly selective NK1 receptor antagonist (RA), and palonosetron 0.5 mg, a pharmacologically and clinically distinct 5-HT3 RA. Although palonosetron is not associated with relevant ECG effects, this stud...


Rare Aggressive Natural Killer Cell Leukemia presented with bone marrow fibrosis - A diagnostic challenge
submitted by girordamx 1 hour ago - Topic: Health
Aggressive natural killer cell leukemia is an extraordinary rare aggressive malignant neoplasm of natural killer cells. Although its first recognition as a specific entity was approximately 20 years ago, this leukemia has not yet been satisfactorily characterized as fewer than 200 cases have been reported in the literature and up to our knowledge, this is the first case report in Qatar. Reachin...

Different pioneer plant species select specific rhizosphere bacterial communities in a high mountain environment
submitted by girordamx 1 hour ago - Topic: Health
The rhizobacterial communities of 29 pioneer plants belonging to 12 species were investigated in an alpine ecosystem to assess if plants from different species could select for specific rhizobacterial communities. Rhizospheres and unvegetated soils were collected from a floristic pioneer stage plot at 2,400 m a.s.l. in the forefield of Weisskugel Glacier (Matsch Valley, South Tyrol, Italy), aft...


PTSD symptoms as a consequence of breast cancer diagnosis: clinical implications
submitted by girordamx 1 hour ago - Topic: Health
It is a well-established multidisciplinary practice at the European Institute of Oncology, that nurses and physicians often report their difficulties to clinical psychologists regarding adherence to hospital scheduling and procedures, when faced with women who, having been diagnosed with cancer, may be too overwhelmed to understand medical advice. We thus undertook an observational-prospective-...

Porosity and dielectric properties as tools to predict drug release trends from hydrogels
submitted by girordamx 1 hour ago - Topic: Health
Conventional studies on hydrogel properties such as viscosity, pH and swelling provide information without treating the components of hydrogel, viz., water and polymer individually. Water and hydrophilic polymers need to be studied individually to understand their relationship with each other to relate their influence on drug release. In this context, we have assigned the combination of porosit...


Design of static synchronous series compensator based damping controller employing invasive weed optimization algorithm
submitted by girordamx 1 hour ago - Topic: Health
This paper proposes designing of Static Synchronous Series compensator (SSSC) based damping controller to enhance the stability of a Single Machine Infinite Bus (SMIB) system by means of Invasive Weed Optimization (IWO) technique. Conventional PI controller is used as the SSSC damping controller which takes rotor speed deviation as the input. The damping controller parameters are tuned based on...

Cloning and expression of Aspergillus flavus urate oxidase in Pichia pastoris
submitted by girordamx 1 hour ago - Topic: Health
Urate oxidase is an important enzyme with therapeutic and diagnostic applications. Rasburicase is a recombinant urate oxidase enzyme approved by FDA to use in the treatment of hyperuricemia conditions. Various hosts such as Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Hansenula polymorpha and Escherichia coli have been used to express the enzyme. Today, Pichia pastoris is considered as an important host for heter...

Immunogenicity of a Monovalent 2009 Influenza A (H1N1) Vaccine in Infants: randomized, observer-masked, single-center clinical study
submitted by girordamx 1 hour ago - Topic: Health
The aim of this study is to further investigate the immune response of the inactivated split-virion vaccine for infants. We tested the immunogenicity and safety of the inactivated split-virion vaccine in infants, aged 6-35 months, for a randomized, observer-masked, age-stratified clinical study. We randomly divided subjects into three groups: 7.5 mug, 15 mug of hemagglutinin antigen dosage grou...

Improving disease incidence estimates in primary care surveillance systems
submitted by vectar 1 hour ago - Topic: Health
In primary care surveillance systems based on voluntary participation, biased results may arise from the lack of representativeness of the monitored population and uncertainty regarding the population denominator, especially in health systems where patient registration is not required. Based on the observation of a positive association between number of cases reported and number of consultation...