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Human Mate Selection and Addiction: a Conceptual Critique
submitted by csastadint 10 minutes ago - Topic: Health
The authors review past work on modeling human mate selection, and suggest, using illustrations from existing literature on the impact of alcoholism on relationship formation and dissolution and reproduction, that the challenges of adequately characterizing human mate selection have not yet been overcome. Some paths forwards are suggested.

Angiotensin-converting enzyme insertion/deletion polymorphism and gastric cancer: A systematic review and meta-analysis
submitted by pheleppi 12 minutes ago - Topic: Health
Several studies were launched to investigate the potential function of ACE I/D polymorphism in gastric cancer development and prognosis, but no conclusive results have been obtained. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the association between ACE I/D polymorphism and gastric cancer. A systemic search was performed in PubMed, Embase, China National Knowledge Infrastruc...

Improved survival of cirrhotic patients with variceal bleeding over the decade 2000–2010
submitted by pheleppi 12 minutes ago - Topic: Health
Advances in the management of variceal bleeding (VB) have been highlighted recently. We aimed at assessing whether changing the management of VB has improved the outcome (mortality and rebleeding rates). The files of two cohorts (n =57, 2000–2001 and n =64, 2008–2009) of patients referred to our university center were reviewed after a cross-searching using two coding systems. Data were reco...

Endoscopic transgastric versus surgical necrosectomy in infected pancreatic necrosis
submitted by pheleppi 12 minutes ago - Topic: Health
Surgical necrosectomy, but is still associated with a high morbidity. Indications of the endoscopic route, a new less invasive technique are not defined yet. To compare characteristics and clinical outcome of patients treated by the two techniques, a bi-centric retrospective comparison of 21 patients treated by surgical necrosectomy in one center (group S) with 11 patients treated in another ce...

The pathological role of microRNAs and inflammation in colon carcinogenesis
submitted by pheleppi 12 minutes ago - Topic: Health
Evidence of an association between inflammation, microRNAs (miRNAs) and tumorigenesis has emerged in recent years. Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are at an increased risk for colorectal cancer (CRC) development, suggesting that inflammatory mediators play a causative role in colon carcinogenesis. MiRNAs are small (19–22 nucleotides) non-coding RNA molecules that regulate gene ...

More ubiquitous effects from non-pharmacologic than from pharmacologic treatments for fibromyalgia syndrome: A meta-analysis examining six core symptoms
submitted by gairgin 16 minutes ago - Topic: Health
This study aimed to characterize and compare the efficacy profile on six fibromyalgia syndrome (FM) core symptoms associated with pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic treatments. We screened PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane Library for FM articles from 1990 to September 2012 to analyse randomized controlled trials comparing pharmacologic or non-pharmacologic treatments to placebo or sham. Papers ...

Adolescent chronic pain and association to perinatal factors: Linkage of Birth Registry data with the Young-HUNT Study
submitted by gairgin 18 minutes ago - Topic: Health
The aim of this study was to examine the associations of birthweight, gestation and 5-min Apgar score with self-reported chronic nonspecific pain in a large, unselected adolescent population. The third population-based Nord-Trøndelag Health Study (HUNT) included 8200 adolescents aged 13–19 years, constituting 78.2% of adolescents in Nord-Trøndelag County. In the target age group, 13–18 ye...

Nurses’ Roles and Experiences with Enhancing Adherence to Tuberculosis Treatment among Patients in Burundi: A Qualitative Study
submitted by wonmohzaz 22 minutes ago - Topic: Biology
In TB control, poor treatment adherence is a major cause of relapse and drug resistance. Nurses have a critical role in supporting patients in TB treatment process. Yet, very little research has been done to inform policymakers and practitioners on nurses’ experiences of treatment adherence among patients with TB. To describe nurses’ experiences of supporting treatment adherence among patie...

Can arteriovenous malformation prevent the diagnosis of brain death?
submitted by hado 22 minutes ago - Topic: Health
We present a case of a 14-year-old boy with spontaneous intracranial hemorrhage that was referred to us to confirm the diagnosis of brain death with cerebral angiography. In the left carotid angiogram, there was no arterial flow above the craniovertebral junction. But in the right carotid angiogram, there was arterial flow up to the level of posterior communicating artery. Right posterior cereb...

Field efficacy of chitosan to control Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae, the causal agent of kiwifruit bacterial canker
submitted by rozon44 23 minutes ago - Topic: Agriculture
In order to provide an alternative for controlling bacterial canker of kiwifruit, caused by Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae, in case of the appearance of copper/antibiotic-resistant strains of the pathogen, the field efficacy of a chitosan-based compound was compared with a copper compound on Actinidia deliciosa cv. Hayward. The 3-year trials were carried out in central Italy, in an area he...

Milkwort (Polygala myrtifolia L.) decline is caused by Fusarium oxysporum and F. solani in Southern Italy
submitted by rozon44 23 minutes ago - Topic: Agriculture
Milkwort (Polygala myrtifolia L.) is an ornamental shrub of commercial importance in temperate climatic zones. For this vegetal species very few diseases have been reported, except for two diseases caused by Cylindrocladium pauciramosum in Europe (mainly in Italy and Spain) and Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) in Italy. A severe decline of milkwort plants was for the first time observed in nurseries...

Phoma stem canker disease on oilseed rape (Brassica napus) in China is caused by Leptosphaeria biglobosa‘brassicae’
submitted by rozon44 23 minutes ago - Topic: Agriculture
Phoma stem canker of oilseed rape (Brassica napus) is a globally important disease that is caused by the sibling ascomycete species Leptosphaeria maculans and L. biglobosa. Sixty fungal isolates obtained from oilseed rape stems with phoma stem canker disease symptoms collected from four provinces in China in 1999, 2005 and 2006 were all identified as Leptosphaeria biglobosa, not L. maculans, by...

Post-radiation tracheoesophageal fistula following salvage laryngectomy: microsurgical repair using a “bi-laminar” lateral arm flap
submitted by mizshf 23 minutes ago - Topic: Health
Post-radiotherapy tracheoesophageal fistula (TOF) is a serious complication following salvage laryngectomy, associated with severe morbidity and high mortality. In the absence of recurrent disease, they commonly follow creation of a tracheoesophageal puncture for speech rehabilitation after total laryngectomy. Frequently, direct closure, local and regional flaps repairs are unsuccessful, furthe...

Management of advanced rhinophyma with shave excision and noncultured autologous skin cell transplantation
submitted by mizshf 23 minutes ago - Topic: Health
Rhinophyma is a benign skin disorder characterized by hypertrophy of the nasal skin, inflammation and telangiectatic changes. This process disfigures the nose and represents the final stage of acne rosacea. The mainstay of treatment is surgery and various techniques have been proposed. We hereby, present a case of a patient with advanced rhinophyma who was treated by tangential skin excision an...

Mapping the Socioeconomic Landscape of Rural Sweden: Towards a Typology of Rural Areas
submitted by safeo 24 minutes ago - Topic: Geography
Definitions of the rural have been the subject of numerous academic papers. This paper argues that the a priori urban–rural continuum model should be abandoned in favour of a more open approach. In advancing this argument, a socioeconomic typology of rural Sweden is developed by means of cluster analysis. A total of 3983 areas were sorted into five clusters and 16 sub-clusters. One-third of t...