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Принципы оказания помощи лицам с алкогольной зависимостью = Principles of care for persons with alcohol dependence
submitted by laaesfegorida 14 minutes ago - Topic: Health
РефератВ статье описана этапность оказания и организация медико-психологической помощи лицам с алкогольной зависимостью в мире. Рассмотрены основные принципы и методы лечения алкогольной зависимости, которые на д...



Partycypacja pacjentów w procesie podejmowania decyzji w ochronie zdrowia w polsce/ patients participation and shared decision-making in the polish healthcare system
submitted by laaesfegorida 14 minutes ago - Topic: Health
Recent studies show that health is value most treasured in Poland. In spite of this, the decisions related to the national healthcare system are made without consulting patients’ organizations. This happens despite the fact that citizens want their representatives, who are united in these organizations to represent their interests when the decisions related to the healthcare system are made b...

Neural network model and isotherm study for removal of phenol from aqueous solution by orange peel ash
submitted by rbrawn 14 minutes ago - Topic: Geography
Artificial Neural Network model and isotherm study were done to predict the removal efficiency of phenol. An inexpensive adsorbent was developed from orange peel ash (OPA) for effective uptake of phenol from aqueous solution. The influence of different experimental parameters (initial concentration, pH, adsorbents dose, contact time, stirring rate and temperature) on phenol uptake efficiency wa...

Tropical Artisanal Coastal Fisheries: Challenges and Future Directions
submitted by gairgin 19 minutes ago - Topic: Agriculture
Artisanal fisheries occur all over the tropics and provide an important source of protein and income for many coastal communities. However, varied types and magnitudes of anthropogenic impacts threaten the environmental, economic, and socio-cultural sustainability of this poorly studied fishing practice. This article reviews the scattered literature on tropical artisanal coastal fisheries, iden...

Rationale and design of PRIMA II: a multicenter, randomized clinical trial to study the impact of in-hospital guidance for acute decompensated heart failure treatment by a predefined NT-PRoBNP target on the reduction of readmIssion and Mortality rAtes
submitted by ixplarir28 27 minutes ago - Topic: Health
Hospital admissions for acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) are frequent, and are accompanied by high percentages of mortality and readmissions. BNP and NT-proBNP are currently the best predictors of prognosis in HF patients. In the setting of chronic HF, studies that performed guidance of therapy by (NT-pro)BNP have had only limited success. For patients with ADHF, retrospective studies h...



Association of metabolic syndrome and its individual components with outcomes among patients with high-risk non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes
submitted by ixplarir28 27 minutes ago - Topic: Health
The relationship of metabolic syndrome and its individual components (obesity, hypertension, glucose intolerance, high triglycerides and low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL) with 1-year mortality in non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTE ACS) patients is not known. The association of metabolic syndrome (and its individual components) with all-cause mortality within 1-...

Long Term Outcomes Associated with Hospital Acquired Thrombocytopenia Among Patients with Non-ST-Segment Elevation Acute Coronary Syndrome
submitted by ixplarir28 27 minutes ago - Topic: Health
Acquired thrombocytopenia after a non-ST-segment-elevation-acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS) has been associated with increased in-hospital mortality and hemorrhagic complications, but longer term outcomes are unclear. We examined the association between thrombocytopenia and long-term outcomes after accounting for thrombocytopenia severity and discharge medication use. Data from 7,435 NSTE-ACS...


Sperm production responds to perceived sperm competition risk in male Drosophila melanogaster
submitted by wmotlock 27 minutes ago - Topic: Biology
Postcopulatory sexual selection arising from female multiple mating leads to the evolution of ejaculates that maximise a male’s reproductive success under sperm competition. Where the risk of sperm competition is variable, optimal fitness may be achieved by plastically altering ejaculate characteristics in response to the prevailing sperm competition environment. In the model species Drosophi...

Modulatory effect of 17-β estradiol on performance of ovariectomized rats on the Shock-Probe test
submitted by wmotlock 27 minutes ago - Topic: Biology
17-β estradiol (E2) has been shown to modulate fear conditioning by influencing freezing behavior following re-exposure to either the conditioning context or a cue associated with shock. Fear-related behaviours other than freezing may be influenced differently by E2 replacement. Accordingly, the present study examined whether E2 modulates fear conditioning using the Shock-Probe test, which all...


Development of prenatal lateralization: evidence from fetal mouth movements
submitted by wmotlock 27 minutes ago - Topic: Biology
Human lateralized behaviors relate to the asymmetric development of the brain. Research of the prenatal origins of laterality is equivocal with some studies suggesting that fetuses exhibit lateralized behavior and other not finding such laterality. Given that by around 22weeks gestation the left cerebral hemisphere compared to the right is significantly larger in both male and female fetuses we...

Economics of food intake in mi energy yield of the reinforcer
submitted by wmotlock 27 minutes ago - Topic: Biology
One of the Zeitgeists of the field for the study of ingestive behavior is that organisms are endowed with internal self-regulatory mechanisms that ensure optimal nutrition. However, the alarming increase in the prevalence of obesity challenges us to reconsider the extent to which internal regulatory mechanisms, especially in a free market economy. Cued by the pioneering work of George Collier a...


Down regulation of sodium channels in the central nervous system of hibernating snails
submitted by wmotlock 27 minutes ago - Topic: Biology
Hibernation, as behavior, is an evolutionary mode of adaptation of animal species to unfavorable environmental conditions. It is generally characterized by suppressed metabolism, which also includes down regulation of the energy consuming ion-channel functioning. Experimental data regarding decreased ion-channel function are scarce. Therefore, our goal was to study the possible down regulation ...

Eating attitudes of anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, binge eating disorder and obesity without eating disorder female patients: Differences and similarities
submitted by wmotlock 27 minutes ago - Topic: Biology
The objective was to compare eating attitudes, conceptualized as beliefs, thoughts, feelings, behaviors and relationship with food, of anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN) and binge eating disorder (BED) patients and a group of obese (OBS) without eating disorders (ED). Female patients from an Eating Disorder (ED) Unit with AN (n=42), BN (n=52) and BED (n=53) and from an obesity service ...

FTO Polymorphisms Moderate the Association of Food Reinforcement with Energy Intake
submitted by wmotlock 27 minutes ago - Topic: Biology
Food reinforcement (RRVfood) is related to increased energy intake, cross-sectionally related to obesity, and prospectively related to weight gain. The fat mass and obesity-associated (FTO) gene is related to elevated body mass index and increased energy intake. The primary purpose of the current study was to determine whether any of 68 FTO single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) or a FTO risk s...

Matching energy intake to expenditure of isocaloric exercise at high- and moderate-intensities
submitted by wmotlock 27 minutes ago - Topic: Biology
Those seeking to manage their bodyweight use a variety of strategies, but the most common approaches involve attempting to exercise more and/or consume fewer calories. A poor comprehension of the energy cost of exercise and the energy content of food may contribute to weight-gain and the poor success rate of exercise weight-loss interventions. The purpose of this study is to investigate individ...