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YouTube as a potential learning tool to help distinguish tonic–clonic seizures from nonepileptic attacks
submitted by moecal213 40 minutes ago - Topic: Health
Medical students are increasingly turning to the website YouTube as a learning resource. This study set out to determine whether the videos on YouTube accurately depict the type of seizures that a medical student may search for. Two consultant epileptologists independently assessed the top YouTube videos returned following searches for eight terms relating to different categories of seizures. T...



Validation of the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) for depression screening in adults with epilepsy
submitted by moecal213 40 minutes ago - Topic: Health
This study aimed to assess the accuracy and operating characteristics of the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) for depression screening in adults with epilepsy. Tertiary epilepsy center patients served as the study population, with 237 agreeing to structured interview using the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI), a “gold standard” instrument developed for rapid diagno...

Memory outcome one year after stereotactic interstitial radiosurgery in patients with epilepsy due to hypothalamic hamartomas
submitted by moecal213 40 minutes ago - Topic: Health
Epileptic seizures caused by hypothalamic hamartomas (HHs) are highly pharmacoresistant. Resective surgical approaches have shown some efficacy in controlling seizures; however, they bear a significant risk of postoperative mnemonic deterioration due to the close anatomical proximity of the HHs to structures essential for memory functions. We report on cognitive outcome in 26 patients with stru...

Serotonin and sudden death: Differential effects of serotonergic drugs on seizure-induced respiratory arrest in DBA/1 mice
submitted by moecal213 41 minutes ago - Topic: Health
In the DBA/1 mouse model of sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP), administration of a selective serotonin (5-HT) reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), fluvoxamine, completely suppressed seizure-induced respiratory arrest (S-IRA) at 30min after administration (i.p.) in a dose-related manner without blocking audiogenic seizures (AGSz), but another SSRI, paroxetine, reduced S-IRA but with a delayed (2...

Effect of Supraglottic and Super-supraglottic swallows on Tongue Pressure Production against Hard Palate
submitted by irecoggriy 49 minutes ago - Topic: Health
The objectives of this study were to evaluate the state of tongue pressure production during supraglottic swallow (SS) and super-supraglottic swallow (SSS) performed by healthy adults, and to investigate the effects of these swallowing maneuvers on the oral stage of swallowing. The participants were 19 healthy individuals. Tongue pressure against the hard palate during swallowing was measured u...



Prevalence of chronic non-cancer pain in a UK prison environment
submitted by shohraaz 52 minutes ago - Topic: Health
Chronic non-cancer pain (CNCP) is significant global health issue, accounting for a substantial increase in prescription analgesics worldwide, in recent decades. This clinical burden is evident in the UK prison population, where the prevalence of CNCP has never previously been determined. This study, conducted in June/July 2013, used prescribing data and a systematic review of clinical records ...

Interpretative phenomenological analysis as a useful methodology for research on the lived experience of pain
submitted by shohraaz 52 minutes ago - Topic: Health
Interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) is a qualitative approach which aims to provide detailed examinations of personal lived experience. It produces an account of lived experience in its own terms rather than one prescribed by pre-existing theoretical preconceptions and it recognises that this is an interpretative endeavour as humans are sense-making organisms. It is explicitly idiogr...


Effectiveness of exchange nailing and augmentation plating for femoral shaft nonunion after nailing
submitted by doasakm 58 minutes ago - Topic: Health
We assessed indications and outcomes of exchange nailing and augmentation plating for femoral shaft nonunion following femoral nail failure. We retrospectively reviewed the records of 21 consecutive patients with femoral shaft nonunion treated with femoral nailing from August 2008 to June 2013. Nonunion cases with infection were excluded from this study. The study population consisted of nine m...

Epidemiology of osteoporotic hip fractures in Western Romania
submitted by doasakm 58 minutes ago - Topic: Health
Fragility hip fractures represent a major health and social burden. To date, there are no reports regarding mortality and factors that influence outcomes after osteoporotic hip fractures in Romania. The electronic database of the largest healthcare provider in the western part of the country was searched for hip fracture admissions between 2008 and 2012. Inclusion criteria were age over 55 and ...


Neglected ununited tibial eminence fractures in the skeletally immature: arthroscopic management
submitted by doasakm 58 minutes ago - Topic: Health
The purpose of this study was to prospectively evaluate outcomes of arthroscopic management of neglected ununited tibial eminence fractures in skeletally immature patients. The study was conducted and cases performed by two surgeons from two centres as a prospective case series of 13 patients with neglected ununited tibial eminence fractures: nine were girls and four were boys; ten were right k...

Interpersonal Mistreatment of Women in the Workplace
submitted by ondriomclork 1 hour ago - Topic: Health
The purpose of this paper is to introduce the work included in the special issue: Interpersonal Mistreatment of Women in the Workplace. In doing so, the authors develop a multilevel conceptual model, illustrating how the research included in the special issue address causes and consequences of interpersonal mistreatment at the micro, meso, and macro-level of analysis. In addition, the integrate...


Aquaculture Knowledge Dissemination through Information and Communication Technology Projects: e-Learning Module Approach
submitted by koimpfireo 1 hour ago - Topic: Agriculture
E-Learning techniques are useful for delivering agriculture and aquaculture related knowledge and information to farmers directly and indirectly through Information and Communication Technology (ICT) projects like e-Choupal, iKisan and Information Village Research Project of M. S. Swaminathan Research Foundation (MSSRF). Identifying information needs of users of ICT projects in coastal areas an...

Fishers in Post-harvest Fisheries Sector in India : An Assessment of Socio-economic Status
submitted by koimpfireo 1 hour ago - Topic: Agriculture
This paper presents the results of study carried out during 2009-11, to assess literacy, health and income status of fishers in India with reference to postharvest sector which covered fishers in marketing and processing. The study covered five states and one union territory, covering 11 districts reaching 548 households. About 52.19% of the respondents fell in the age group of 36-55. The avera...

Resistance of Escherichia coli and Salmonella Isolated from Marine and Freshwater Fishes towards Carbapenems
submitted by koimpfireo 1 hour ago - Topic: Agriculture
The carbapenems are beta-lactam antimicrobial agents with an exceptionally broad spectrum of activity and are active against most Enterobacteriaceae including those that produce ampC b-lactamase. Resistance to carbapenems, especially carbapenems-resistant-Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) is a serious issue worldwide as it is extremely difficult to combat bacteria resistant to carbapenems. Fifty two iso...

Assessment of Bacterial Contamination and Antibiotic Resistance Patterns among Escherichia coli in Finfishes of Kolkata, India
submitted by koimpfireo 1 hour ago - Topic: Agriculture
Bacterial contamination and safety of finfishes of commercial importance and the frequency of antibiotic resistance in Escherichia coli in fishes of Kolkata retail markets were evaluated. Finfishes available in the retail markets recorded high levels of total viable counts (4.30-7.93 log cfu g-1), coliforms (1.60-4.38 log MPN g-1), faecal coliforms (£4.38 log MPN g-1) and E. coli (£4.04 log M...